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Estonia - West Estonian coast

West Estonia is low and flat (mainly < 20 m above sea level, in the study area 5 m). Geographically it can be divided into two parts: the West-Estonian Lowland and the Pärnu Lowland. This two units are somewhat difficult to distinguish morphologically. The basic difference is in composition and ages of bedrock. The West Estonian Lowland is formed on limestone bedrock, dominated by landscapes with calcareous soils and calciphilous vegetation, including alvars and limestone bedrock knolls and escarpments. The Pärnu Lowland lies mainly on the outcrop of Devonian sandstones, reflected on the soil and plant cover, on the sandstone outcrops and on the scenery.

Main tasks

1. Defining areas of flood risk related to the sea level rise
2. Testing and choosing the most suitable existing models of neotectonic movements for west Estonia
3. Estimating economical losses within the populated areas, including living environment, economic development, cultural, historical, architectural, and archeological monuments
4. Prognose the impact of the sea level rise to groundwater and water reservoirs
5. Evaluating impact on natural, architectural and historical monuments.

 

Potential flood prone areas in West Estonia Enlarge
Potential flood prone areas in West Estonia by the end of the 21st century. Based on sea level rise scenarios provided by the CLIMber model and data of EMHI (Estonian Meteorological and Hydrological Institute).

Scenario of coastal processes by the end of the century

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Scenario of coastal processes by the end of the century

Potential impacts of sea level rise on the groundwater in the west Estonian coastal zone

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Potential impacts of sea level rise on the groundwater in the west Estonian coastal zone