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Geological Survey of Finland (GTK, lead partner)

The Geological Survey of Finland (GTK) has considerable experience in assessing the impacts of climate change on regional development. Besides scientific research, the GTK approach focuses on the science – decision maker dialogue. As a result of former project activities, several cities in the Baltic Sea Region have already taken climate change adaptation measures, e.g. changing building codes in flood prone areas.
GTK is responsible for the all-over organization and implementation of the project as lead partner. It provides a project coordinator, a financial manager and an information manager, which takes care of the organization of dissemination activities, such as web page, information brochures, seminars and conferences for the project. Besides the Geological Survey of Finland is involved in the thematic work in two Finish case studies in Hanko and Tampere providing the research background for the local impact assessment.

Aalto University School of Science and Technology Aalto University School of Engineering /Centre for Urban and Regional STUDIES (TKK/YTK)

YTK is a national multidisciplinary centre for further education in urban and regional planning and urban studies. Over the years, YTK has developed an interdisciplinary research profile and functions related to post-graduate training. As a national unit YTK co-operates closely with Finnish university departments and research institutions active in the fields of urban and regional planning and urban studies. YTK has also gained a status as an internationally well-known research institution and preferred research partner. YTK is a department within the Aalto University School of Engineering.

Staff involved: Sirkku Juhola, Lasse Peltonen, Laura Nurmi (research assistant, summer 2009)

Hanko Water and Wastewater Works

Hanko water and waste water works founded in 1906 when the first sewer, connecting several buildings was built. This makes Hanko water and waste water works the sixth or the seventh oldest, depending on whether you count the one established in Vyborg. Interestingly, the first water pipeline was built after the first sewer. The reason for this was that the number of wells in the Hanko area was considered adequate for the citizens, due to the good quality of the groundwater. On the other hand, waste water was considered a larger problem, which was often stored in large barrels, sometimes for several days, before being taken away. Smelly and leaking barrels caused problems, especially during the summer time because they tended to attract flies for example, as well as posed a threat to the drinking water wells. The length of the first sewer in 1906 was nearly half a kilometer, connecting approximately 50 properties and finally ending up in the sea. Majority of the properties connected to the sewer were private dwellings, although some were government owned.

A severe water shortage hit Hanko during the winter of 1907. The lack of rains during the autumn had left the wells nearly empty. As a result of this, a decision was made to build a water pipeline from the well in Hopearanta to the centre of Hanko in 1910, and consequently Finland’s first water tower was also built in the same year in centre of Hanko. Water tanks storing water high up had been built before but the Hanko water tower was the first actual tower to be constructed. Studies had been carried out on the quality of the ground water in Hopearanta since 1899, although the decision to build the water pipeline had not yet been made. The reason for choosing Hopearanta was based on the common knowledge that the area has good groundwater resources, including the “love fountain”, which dried up after building the well. However, people in Hanko still drink the water from the “love fountain”.

UBC Union of the Baltic Cities – Commission on Environment (UBC) Union of the Baltic Cities (UBC) is a voluntary, proactive network of cities mobilizing the shared potential of over 100 member cities through out the Baltic Sea. It aims at democratic, economic, social, cultural and environmentally sustainable development of the Baltic Sea Region. The UBC Commission on Environment is responsible for the Union’s work on environmental co-operation, Local Agenda 21 and urban sustainability and functions as the co-ordination secretariat of the entire UBC Local Agenda 21 Action Programme. Within BaltCICA the UBC Commission on Environment is involved in the dissemination of the project outcomes through articles, information events, exhibitions and assists in carrying out trainings and combining training materials. Staff involved: Stella Aaltonen, Sanna Erkko, Sakari Saarinen
HSY Helsinki Region Environmental Services Authority (HSY)

HSY Helsinki Region Environmental Services Authority is a regional authority providing environmental services for residents and companies in the Helsinki area. The principal duties of HSY comprise water and waste management as well as providing regional information services. HSY has begun its operations on 1 January 2010. HSY is the most prominent environmental body in Finland. It brings together the waterworks of Espoo, Helsinki, Kauniainen and Vantaa as well as the waste management services and the regional and environmental information services provided by the Helsinki Metropolitan Area Council (YTV). HSY employs approximately 800 people.


HSY has a climate unit that coordinates climate strategy work and monitors greenhouse gas emissions and climate work in the region. Within BaltCICA, HSY develops adaptation to climate change options for the Helsinki Metropolitan Area in close cooperation with the cities of the area.

Staff involved: Heidi-Maaria Haapala and Susanna Kankaanpää.

City of Helsinki

Helsinki, the capital city of Finland, is located on the southern Baltic Sea coast of Finland. Total population is approx. 568 000 inhabitants. Helsinki is the centre of a rapidly growing large metropolitan city area. Helsinki, together with the other municipalities of the capital metropolitan area (Espoo, Vantaa, and Kauniainen), forms a population of over 1.28 million residents referred to as the Helsinki Metropolitan Area. With regard to population, employment and production this is one of the fastest-growing metropolitan areas in Europe while the population density remains quite low.


City of Helsinki will develop climate change adaptation and implementation strategies with the support of regional climate change scenarios and cost assessments of adaptation options. Climate change scenarios include the Helsinki Metropolitan Area scenarios as well as local seal level change scenarios
City of Tampere

Tampere is the third largest city in Finland and the largest inland centre in the Nordic countries. Currently there are over 200,000 inhabitants in Tampere, and almost 300,000 inhabitants in Tampere Sub-Region, which comprises Tampere and its neighbouring municipalities. Tampere’s city centre is surrounded by lake and ridge scenery, sited on an isthmus between lakes Pyhäjärvi and Näsijärvi. The Tammerkoski rapids run through the city.

Tampere is one of the BaltCICA case study areas. Departments of Urban Development and City Planning Services are participating in the project. Staff involved: Kari Hietala, Mikko Kajanus, Sakari Oittinen, Ulla Tiilikainen


Geological Survey of Estonia Geological Survey of Estonia (EGK)

EGK (Eesti Geoloogiakeskus OÜ, Geological Survey of Estonia) is a government-owned enterprise and is responsible to the Ministry of the Environment. The major goal of EGK is providing geological base information for the government, local authorities and the public. According to its Statutes, EGK performs: geological mapping of land and shelf; general geophysical and geological investigations; compiling thematic maps (e.g. radon risk, mineral deposits etc.) for all Estonia; exploration of mineral resources and groundwater; keeping geological archives (depositories), storing rock samples and drill cores; seismical, coastal and groundwater monitoring; environmental impact assessment of geological processes and related research. In the frame of BaltCICA project EGK is studying climate change impact scenarios and development of adaptation options for West-Estonian coast areas. Key persons involved: V. Petersell, S. Suuroja, T. All, J. Kivisilla.

The University of Latvia University of Latvia

The University of Latvia is a classical university providing high quality research facilities and study programmes within the natural and social sciences and the humanities. The University of Latvia named at that time "The Latvia Higher School" was founded on September 28, 1919 on the basis of the former Riga Polytechnic (founded in 1862). In 1923 this school received its now resumed name - the University of Latvia (Universitas Latviensis).

The University has a long tradition of international cooperation and participation in international educational and research programmes and projects. The University of Latvia is the largest university in the country with over 23,000 students.

The Faculty of Geography and Earth Sciences is one of the university’s thirteen faculties, and it offers Bachelor’s, Master’s and Doctoral degrees in environmental sciences, geology and geography. The Geography section, that is the only one of its kind in Latvia, is organised in three Departments – the Department of Human Geography, the department of Physical Geography, and the department of Geomorphology and Geomatics. The educational programmes and research projects cover not only the field of geography, but also spatial planning. Since 2007 faculty staff is involved in teaching in the professional Master degree program in spatial planning. The Faculty of Geography and Earth Sciences has provided consultancy services and conducted research for the national, regional and local authorities in the field of environmental protection, spatial planning and geographical analysis.

Within BaltCICA University of Latvia activities will cover analyses impacts of climate change with focus on water availability and water management as well as on coastal development, public awareness activities and information concerning climate change and innovative approaches to mitigation and adaptation. Staff involved: Agrita Briede, Laila Kūle, Māris Kļaviņš, Gunta Spriņģe, Ieva Bruņeniece, Laura Kļaviņa, Valērijs Rodinovs.

NVBR North Vidzeme Biosphere Reserve

Administration According to the Law "On North Vidzeme Biosphere Reserve" adopted in December 11, 1997, North Vidzeme Biosphere Reserve (NVBR) is a specially protected territory of international importance. NVBR is member of the UNESCO international program MaB (Man and Biosphere) network. The territory of the reserve covers internationally recognised wood and coastal protective habitats. Reserve is managed by the Administration of ZNVBR which is supervised by the Ministry of Environment.


Territory The territory embraces the basin of the River Salaca with its tributaries including Lake Burtnieku, as well marine area of the Gulf of Riga up to depth of 10 m stretching 60 km along Vidzeme coast. The boundaries of the Reserve lie within Limbaži, Valmiera and Valka districts with the total area of 4500 sq. km and 167.5 sq. km marine area, which amounts to almost 6% of Latvia's total area.


Functions According to the Law on North Vidzeme Biosphere Reserve the main functions of the administration are:

- to ensure the protection of landscapes, species and biological diversity of the territory;

- to promote sustainable economic and social development of the territory;
- to restore damaged ecosystems in the territory and to ensure information exchange on environmental and nature protection and sustainable development of the territory.

Municipality of Klaipeda

Area – 98 km², Population – 184 657

Klaipeda city municipality council is the governing body of the Klaipėda city municipality. It is responsible for municipality laws. The council is composed of 31 member elected for four-year terms.

Klaipeda City Municipality Administration is a municipal public administration institution, which consists of:
- 4 departments: Social Department, Department of the City Economy, Department of Urban Development and Department of Economy and Strategy;
- 5 structural units directly subordinate to the Director of Administration;
- 9 structural units directly subordinate to the Deputy Director of Administration;

- state public administration officers who are not included in the structural units.


The mission of Klaipeda City Municipality - to satisfy the public demands and interests of the community of the city, implement the right of self-governance, the functions of public administration and public services.

Municipality of the Klaipeda district Municipality of the Klaipeda district
ECAT Environmental Centre for Administration and Technology

(ECAT) was founded as a non-governmental organisation in 1997. ECAT‘s mission is to integrate environmental concerns into society and to contribute to common welfare and improve quality of life through practical and sustainable solutions. The Centre supports, promotes and strengthens the environmental activities in Lithuanian municipalities and local communities by providing consultations, training, information, project development and management services on a number of environmental questions. In the frame of BaltCICA project ECAT will have a role of national coordinator and will be involved in the implementation of content work packages.

Staff involved: Elena Talockaite, Vaiva Ramanauskiene, Lina Gelaziene, Audrone Alijosiute

Lithuanian Geological Survey Vilnius University

Vilnius University is the oldest and largest Lithuanian higher education institution, establishment in the 16th century. Within BaltCICA Vilnius University activities will cover estimation of flooding induced by flash rain and storm surge in the urban area, selection of concrete climate change adaptation measures and their cost estimation. Staff involved: Egidijus Rimkus, Arunas Bukantis, Kęstutis Kilkus, Gintaras Valiuškevičius, Edvinas Stonevičius, Gintautas Stankunavičius, Donatas Pupienis, Justas Kazys.

Lithuanian Geological Survey Lithuanian Geological Survey under the Ministry of Environment

Lithuanian Geological Survey under the Ministry of Environment (LGT) is a national state agency, established in 1940. LGT is obliged to bring to life the policy of the Lithuania’s state for the sustainable development of the country with a purpose to protect and save national underground resources for future generations and to provide the most comprehensive information to society.


The main fields of the Lithuanian Geological Survey activities are as follows: organization and execution of the State geological investigations, State regulation and control of the use of underground, creation of the system of State geological information and accumulation of data, development of international cooperation. The Lithuanian Geological Survey is a member of the Forum of European Geological Surveys (FOREGS) and later – the EUROGEOSURVEYS - since 1994.


115 staff members were empoyed in LGT in 2009.

Kalundborg Municipality

The Municipality of Kalundborg cover an area of 604 km2 and it has 160 km of coastline. The Municipality has nearly 50.000 citizens and 5000 employed. It is the department of Planning, Building & Environment and our EU-office, which are participating in the BaltCICA project. More info about the nature and culture in Kalundborg at More about climate and energy in Kalundborg:

Staff involved: Martin Andersen(EU-office), Ole Winther Christensen, Jan Krause Pedersen, Jacop Arpe (Planning, Buildning & Environment).

Danish Board of Technology (DBT)

The Danish Board of Technology was brought into being in order to disseminate knowledge about technology, its possibilities and its effects on people, on society and on the environment.

The purpose of the Board is to promote the ongoing discussion about technology, to evaluate technology and to advise the Danish Parliament (the Folketing) and other governmental bodies in matters pertaining to technology. 
Within BaltCICA the DBT will work closely together with the Kalundborg municipality in order to develop climate adaptation strategies for a smaller area of the municipality, particularly exposed to climate change. The DBT will lead the process of developing a methodology (the so-called "scenario workshop") for the involvement of local stakeholders in the development of such strategies. The DBT will make a scenario workshop in Kalundborg municipality and give advise to other BaltCICA partners on how to use this method as a planning tool in their case areas. The DBT will also produce a manual for a course aimed at teaching local planners how to use scenario workshops as a planning tool. Furthermore, the DBT will facilitate a "citizen summit" for approximately 500 local citizens in Kalundborg municipality in order to make a prioritisation of alternative adaptation strategies. The DBT will give advise to other BaltCICA partners on how to make such citizen summits, should they wish to do so. Finally, the DBT will be part of a "method group" with other BaltCICA partners specialised in governance and the design of participatory planning processes in order to ensure the successful implementation of climate adaptation measures in the Baltic region.
Staff involved
Project managers: Søren Gram and Bjørn Bedsted
Project assistants: Per Kaspersen and Hannibal Rasmussen
Information officer: Jørgen Madsen

GEUS Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS)

The Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, GEUS (, is a public research and advisory institute in the Danish Ministry of Climate and Energy. The survey also conducts investigations for the private sector. GEUS is part of Geocenter Denmark ( together with e.g. geoscience departments at University of Copenhagen and University of Århus and member of the network of European Geological Surveys (

GEUS overall mission is to provide, to use, and to disseminate knowledge of geological materials, processes and relations that is important for the use and protection of geological resources in Denmark and Greenland. Part of this mission is to support administrative and legislative work in Danish Ministries and the Government of Greenland  Authority, by providing state-of-the-art geoscientific knowledge of international standard. GEUS' main tasks are geological mapping, data collection and storage, to carry out research projects, to give advice, and to disseminate geoscientific knowledge.


The Department of Hydrology at GEUS, which is the active partner in the BaltCICA project, works with characterization, modelling, and management of water and solute transport in the hydrological cycle, in Denmark and internationally. An important focus area is the investigation and modelling of interaction between land surface, root zone, groundwater bodies, watercourses, lakes, wetlands, and the sea including climate change impacts on the quantity and quality of water. This is also the departments main tasks in the BaltCICA project in the Danish case study areas of Kalundborg and the Island of Falster.  


Key persons involved: Klaus Hinsby (, Torben O. Sonnenborg, Per Rasmussen and Lieke van Roosmalen.

Nordic Centre for Spatial Development (Nordregio)

Established by the Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordregio - the Nordic Centre for Spatial Development - is an international research institute with a comparative focus. Nordregio undertakes strategic research and competence development with a view to producing useful knowledge-based foundations for decision-makers at the international, national and regional levels. Regional development, urban and rural systems, demography, governance and gender, innovation and knowledge, global climate change and local adaptation plus international energy policy are the institute's major areas of interest - viewed, primarily, from a Nordic or broader European comparative perspective. Geographically, Nordregio focuses specifically on the Nordic countries, the Baltic Sea region, the Arctic, and on the European space more generally. Within the BaltCICA project, Nordregio concentrates on transnational analysis of governance and knowledge forms including National adaptation strategies. Staff involved: Lisa van Well, Stefanie Lange.

NIBR Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research (NIBR)

is an independent social science research centre whose mission is to develop urban and regional research as an inter- and multidisciplinary field of study with a global perspective. NIBR undertakes analyses of social conditions and societal changes in urban and rural areas, and across regions, sectors and levels; analyses of regional development and innovation, housing and city planning and management, and the development of democracy and welfare within and across local communities; territorial analyses of society, coupled with studies of sustainable development.


NIBR is one of Norway’s environmental research institutes and conducts studies which promote society’s ability to tackle environmental challenges and social problems thrown up by economic growth. NIBR is a member of the Environmental Alliance, a strategic partnership with the seven leading environmental research institutions in Norway. NIBR is also partner in the Oslo Centre for Interdisciplinary Environmental and Social Research(CIENS) which is a strategic research collaboration between independent research institutes and the University of Oslo. Staff involved: Ove Langeland, Gro Sandkjær Hanssen, Jan Erling Klausen, Marte Winsvold.

Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde (IOW)IOW

The Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde (IOW) is an independent research institution specializing in interdisciplinary study of coastal oceans and marginal seas. In particular, our work focuses on the Baltic Sea ecosystem. Within BaltCICA the IOW will conduct an impact study along the coastline of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania [Link to CSA description]. Adaption measures will be developed in co-operation with EUCC-Germany, States Agency for Environment and Nature and other stakeholders. Staff involved: Oda Störmer, Holger Janßen, Dr. Gerald Schernewski

HafenCity University/Institute for Urban-, Regional- and Environmental Planning (HCU) The HafenCity University (HCU) was established in 2006 by consolidating four different faculties of three different academic institutions in Hamburg. With its unique focus on architecture, built environment and metropolitan development, the HCU emphasizes the important role of metropolitan regions in future development. It sets its values especially on interdisciplinary approaches and visions.

The Institute for Urban and Regional Planning mainly deals with spatial, economic, social and ecological aspects, which are linked to cities and regions. In line with sustainable development approaches, the institute displays strategies, concepts and analysis on a theoretical and scientific as well as practical level to provide solutions and visions which are necessary in order to manage current challenges in cities and regions. Head of the Institute is Prof. Dr. Joerg Knieling.

Within BaltCICA the Institute focuses on two main aspects. First, the instrumental and procedural dimension of adaptation related governance structures is analyzed and solutions are generated to optimize the metropolitan climate adaptation governance. The second task is to analyze the material side of metropolitan adaptation strategies and to develop specific adaptation measures for the Hamburg Metropolitan Region (MRH). Staff involved: Prof. Jörg Knieling, Philipp Schuster, Uwe Schönherr, Lisa KunertHCU

> EUCC – The Coastal Union GermanyEUCC

The EUCC Germany was established in 2002 to promote costal conservation through Integrated Costal Zone Management (ICZM) in Germany. By providing information, consults and education, and hosting workshops, conferences and demonstrations EUCC works to bridge the gap between science and practice. EUCC Germany also works to further international awareness of Germany’s ICZM activities and is the German branch of the EUCC Costal and Marine Union International, the worlds largest NGO in the field of Costal Conservation. Within BaltCICA the EUCC is involved in the implementation of climate change adaptation measures, particularly in an implementation project regarding tourism and beach management along the German coast (Mecklenburg - Western Pommerania). Based on the scientific results of the project partner IOW (Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemuende) adaptation measures concerted with stakeholders will be developed and implemented for regional impacts of climate change due to changing water qualities in coastal waters. Staff involved: Susanne Schumacher, Lara Wever, Nardine Stybel

Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)

PIK addresses crucial scientific questions in the fields of global change, climate impacts and sustainable development. Researchers from the natural and social sciences work together to generate interdisciplinary insights and to provide society with sound information for decision making. The main methodologies are systems and scenarios analysis, quantitative and qualitative modeling, computer simulation, and data integration. PIK